There are around 26 major waterfalls which reach lengths anywhere between twenty meters to five kilometers. Some of the most prominent waterfalls that provide a source of nourishment to the forest include Bear Shola Falls and Pambar Falls. Besides soul soothing waterfalls, there are mountains within the sanctuary that scale up to an average height of eight thousand feet. The Sanctuary is also famous for several endangered species of animals that form its ecosystem including Nilgiri Tahr and Indian Elephant. Several different species of reptiles and amphibians also co-exist within this ecosystem and thrive in all year round pleasant climate of the region.