In the City of San Fernando in the Philippines, The Giant Lantern Festival is yearly celebrated in the month of December. The festival features a competition of giant lanterns. In view of the fame of the celebration, the city has been nicknamed the "Christmas Capital of the Philippines". The San Fernando light industry advanced from the Giant Lantern Festival of San Fernando. The celebration, which is held each December, discovers its underlying foundations in Bacolor where a considerably less complex action was held. Following the exchange of the commonplace capital from Bacolor to San Fernando in August 1904, this light occasion took after too. "Ligligan Parul" was said to have begun in San Fernando in 1904. Yet, some say that the "Ligligan Parol" did not occur quickly after the move and in reality started in 1908.
This predecessor of the modern day Giant Lantern Festival was really a religious action which we know today as "lubenas." The lights estimated only two feet in distance across, a long ways from the fifteen feet that we see today. These were made in every barrio from bamboo and other locally accessible materials. Amid the nine-day novena before Christmas, which corresponded with the simbang gabi from December 16 to 24, these paruls were conveyed around every barrio in parade to their visita. Prior to the midnight Mass on Christmas Eve, the lamps were conveyed to the town church together with the barrio patrons.