Sikandar Bagh, previously known with the aid of the British as Sikunder/ Sikandra/ Secundra Bagh, is a villa and lawn enclosed by way of a fortified wall, with loopholes, gateway and corner bastions, approx. 150 yards square, c. 4.5 acres, positioned inside the city of Lucknow, Oudh, Uttar Pradesh, India. It become constructed with the aid of the ultimate Nawab of Oudh, Wajid Ali Shah, as a summer time residence. The call of the villa indicates '"Garden of Sikandar", possibly after Alexander the Great, whose call lives on on this form in those elements or perhaps after Sikandar Mahal Begum, the Nawab's favourite spouse.
It turned into stormed in 1857 by means of the British in the course of the Indian Rebellion and witnessed inside its partitions the slaughter of all 2,200 sepoy mutineers who had made it a stronghold throughout their Siege of Lucknow. The website online now homes the National Botanical Research Institute of India. The garden changed into specified in about 1800 as a royal lawn with the aid of Nawab Saadat Ali Khan. It become later stepped forward upon via Nawab Wajid Ali Shah, the final native ruler of Oudh, for the duration of the first half of of the 19th century, who used it as his summer villa.