Dhanbad is a city in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the second most populated city in Jharkhand. Dhanbad alongside its nearby urban zones positions 42nd in populace among different urban areas in India. Dhanbad shares its property Borders with Asansol West Bengal Dhanbad has a portion of the biggest coal mines in India and is called Coal Capital of India. Goodbye Steel, Bharat Coking Coal Limited BCCL, Eastern Coalfields Limited ECL and Indian Iron And Steel Company IISCO are a portion of the organizations who work coal mines in the locale.
The designing establishment IIT ISM, Dhanbad is situated in Dhanbad. The most prominent hypothesis of birthplace of the name Dhanbad is that it is gotten from Dhan and Abad signifying "succeeded with riches" due to being a mineral rich locale. Generally the name of Dhanbad was Dhanbaid which appears to have been gotten from the word Dhan paddy and baid, i.e., the paddy land. "Dhanbad" is a paddy land, rich of minerals and furthermore it has the biggest rice developing ranch in jharkhand.
The present area used to be a piece of Manbhum locale and was possessed by Mundari or Kolarian races in the wild of South unified Bihar. In the seventh century A.D. some data is accessible from the record of the movements of Hieun Tsang. These records describe presence of a great kingdom which involved the region and abutting territories, governed by Sasanka.