Ticino formally the Republic and Canton of Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland. Ticino borders the canton of Uri to the north, the canton of Valais to the west, the canton of Graubunden to the northeast, Italy's areas of Piedmont and Lombardy to the south and it surrounds the small Italian enclave of Campione d'Italia. Named after the river Ticino, it's far the handiest canton wherein Italian is the sole reliable language and represents the bulk of the Italian-speaking vicinity of Switzerland along side the southern elements of Graubunden.
The land now occupied by means of the canton became annexed from Italian towns within the 15th century by using various Swiss forces in the remaining transalpine campaigns of the Old Swiss Confederacy. In the Helvetic Republic, mounted 1798, it become divided between the 2 new cantons of Bellinzona and Lugano. The advent of the Swiss Confederation in 1803 noticed those two cantons combine to shape the current canton of Ticino.