La Chaux-de-Fonds is a Swiss city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchatel. It is positioned in the Jura mountains at an altitude of 1000 m, a few kilometres south of the French border. After Geneva and Lausanne, it's miles the 0.33 largest metropolis located completely in the Romandie, the French-speaking part of the us of a, with a population of 38,625. The metropolis changed into founded in 1656. Its increase and prosperity is in particular certain up with the watch-making industry. It is the most vital centre of the watch making enterprise within the area known as the Watch Valley.
Partially destroyed through a hearth in 1794, La Chaux-de-Fonds turned into rebuilt following a grid road plan, which was and is still authentic among Swiss towns, the handiest exception being the easternmost section of the metropolis, which became spared of fireplace. This creates an interesting and apparent transition from the antique segment to the more recent section. The roads inside the original section are very slender and winding, which then opens up to the grid sample close to the town square. The known architect Le Corbusier, the author Blaise Cendrars and the car maker Louis Chevrolet had been born there. La Chaux-de-Fonds is a famend centre of Art nouveau.