Kurnul is the base camp of Kurnool area in the Indian territory of Andhra Pradesh. The city regularly alludes as The Gateway of Rayalaseema. It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956. Starting at 2011 statistics, it is the fifth most crowded city in the state with a populace of 460,184. Kurnool is blessed with great mineral assets. The essential minerals are Iron metal, dolomite, limestone, ochre, quartz and silica The name Kurnul is gotten from Kandanavooru or Kandanavolu. The name Kandanavolu is a mix of Kandana and volu.
Kandana implies oil. Amid the days when Bullock Cart is a type of transport, bullock truck riders used to stop on the banks of Tungabhadra River to apply oil to the bullock truck wheels before intersection the stream. Henceforth the name 'Kandanavolu'. Later the name earlier Kandanavolu changed to Kandanavooru, and afterward continued to Kurnool. Belum Caves are topographically and generally critical collapses the region. There are signs that Jain and Buddhist priests were involving these holes hundreds of years prior. Numerous Buddhists relics were found inside the caverns. These relics are presently housed in Museum at Ananthapur. Archeological review of India ASI discovered remainders of vessels and different antiquities of a pre-Buddhist period and has dated the leftovers of vessels found in the hollows to 4500 BC.