Fort St George or historically, White Town is the first English fortress in India, founded in 1644 at the coastal city of Madras, the modern city of Chennai. The production of the citadel supplied the impetus for in addition settlements and buying and selling activity, in what was at the start an uninhabited land. Thus, it's miles a viable competition to say that the town evolved around the castle. The citadel presently houses the Tamil Nadu legislative meeting and other respectable buildings.
The East India Company EIC, which had entered India around 1600 for trading activities, had all started licensed trading at Surat, which became its initial bastion. However, to at ease its alternate strains and industrial pursuits within the spice exchange, it felt the necessity of a port in the direction of the Malaccan Straits, and succeeded in purchasing a chunk of coastal land, in the beginning known as Chennirayarpattinam or Channapatnam, wherein the Company started the development of a harbour and a fort.
The fortress changed into completed on 23 April 1644 at a price of £3000, coinciding with St George's Day, celebrated in honour of the customer saint of England. The castle, therefore christened Fort St George, faced the ocean and some fishing villages, and it soon have become the hub of merchant interest. It gave beginning to a new settlement location referred to as George Town traditionally known as Black Town, which grew to envelop the villages and caused the formation of the town of Madras.