Cusco is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region and of the Cusco Province. In 2013, the city had a populace of 435,114. Situated on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its rise is around 3,400 m 11,200 ft. The site was the noteworthy capital of the Inca Empire from the thirteenth until the sixteenth century Spanish triumph. In 1983 Cusco was announced a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It has turned into a noteworthy vacationer goal, facilitating about 2 million guests per year.
The Constitution of Peru assigns it as the Historical Capital of Peru. In 1983 Cusco was assigned as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO with the title "City of Cuzco". The indigenous name of this city is Qusqu. In spite of the fact that the name was utilized in Quechua, its source is found in the Aymara dialect. The word is gotten from the expression qusqu wanka 'Rock of the owl', identified with the city's establishment legend of the Ayar Siblings. As indicated by this legend, Ayar Awqa Ayar Auca gained wings and traveled to the site without bounds city; there he was changed into a stone to check the ownership of the land by his ayllu.