Lima is the capital and the greatest city of Peru. It is arranged in the valleys of the Chillon, Rimac and Lurin streams, in the central shoreline front bit of the country, sitting over the Pacific Ocean. Together with the seaport of Callao, it outlines a coterminous urban district known as the Lima Metropolitan Area. With a masses of more than 10 million, Lima is the most swarmed metropolitan district of Peru and the second-greatest city in the Americas as portrayed by "city true blue", behind Sao Paulo. Lima was built up by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on January 18, 1535, as Ciudad de los Reyes.
It transformed into the capital and most basic city in the Spanish Viceroyalty of Peru. Around 33% of the national masses lives in the metropolitan zone. Lima is home to a standout amongst the most settled establishments of higher learning in the New World. The National University of San Marcos, built up on May 12, 1551, in the midst of the Spanish common organization, is the most prepared endlessly working school in the Americas. In October 2013, Lima was encouraged the 2019 Pan American Games. It in like manner encouraged the December 2014 United Nations Climate Change Conference and the Miss Universe 1982 occasion.