The Giza pyramid complex is an archaeological site on the Giza Plateau, on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt. This complex of antiquated landmarks incorporates the three pyramid edifices known as the Great Pyramids, the monstrous model known as the Great Sphinx, a few graveyards, a laborers' town and a mechanical complex. It is situated in the Western Desert, around 9 km 5 mi west of the Nile waterway at the old town of Giza, and around 13 km 8 mi southwest of Cairo downtown area. The pyramids, which have truly been normal as tokens of old Egypt in the Western creative ability, were promoted in Hellenistic circumstances, when the Great Pyramid was recorded by Antipater of Sidon as one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
It is by a wide margin the most seasoned of the antiquated Wonders and the just a single still in presence. The Pyramids of Giza comprise of the Great Pyramid of Giza otherwise called the Pyramid of Cheops or Khufu and built c. 2560 – c. 2540 BC, the to some degree littler Pyramid of Khafre or Chephren a couple of hundred meters toward the south-west, and the generally unobtrusive measured Pyramid of Menkaure or Mykerinos a couple of hundred meters more remote south-west. The Great Sphinx lies on the east side of the complex. Current accord among Egyptologists is that the leader of the Great Sphinx is that of Khafre. Alongside these significant landmarks are ious littler satellite structures, known as "rulers" pyramids, bouleds and valley pyramids.