Gelibolu, also known as Gallipoli is the name of a town and a district in Canakkale Province of the Marmara Region, located in Eastern Thrace in the European part of Turkey on the southern shore of the peninsula named after it on the Dardanelles strait, two miles away from Lapseki on the other shore. The Macedonian city of Callipolis was established in the 5th century B.C. It has a rich history as a maritime base for different rulers. The ruler Justinian I sustained Gallipoli and built up vital military stockrooms for corn and wine there, of which some Byzantine vestiges can even now be seen.
After the catch of Constantinople by the Latins in 1204, Gallipoli go into the intensity of the Republic of Venice. In 1294 the Genoese crushed a Venetian power in the area. The Catalan Company, a collection of Almogas, under Roger de Flor, set up themselves here in 1306, and after the passing of their pioneer slaughtered every one of the natives; they were vainly blockaded by the associated troops of Venice and the Byzantine Empire, and pulled back in 1307, subsequent to destroying the strongholds. After the city's safeguards were harmed in a seismic tremor, it was vanquished by Turks in 1354 and turned into the primary fortress of the Ottoman Empire in Europe.