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Ram Janmabhoomi Dispute: Eternal Long Legal Dispute

20 Jan 2024 07:47 PM
Ram Janmabhoomi Dispute: Eternal Long Legal Dispute

With over a century consumed in legal disputes, Ayodhya's Ram mandir has to be one of India's longest-running legal conflicts that came to an end in 2019 with the Supreme Court's verdict. Now that the Prana Pratishta of Ram mandir is near it is crucial to have look back at the long legal journey the temple has to go through. 

The whole dispute that spanned for centuries was for the land dispute. The area was considered Ram Janmabhoomi the place where Ram was born, and it has been in constant debate. The conflict goes back as far as 1855, when religious violence occurred in Ayodhya. 

The intricate and complex legal battle can be understood with the below event-by-event timeline.

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1. Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1857 Revolt

Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1857 Revolt
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The colonial British Empire fenced the disputed area. Separate areas of worship were given to Hindus and Muslims. This practice stood for more than 90 years. 
 

2. Ayodhya Ram Mandir December 1949 Revolt

Ayodhya Ram Mandir December 1949 Revolt
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Hindu idols were placed inside the mosque, and both sides filed civil suits. Until the issue was resolved, the government decided to lock the gates and the area disputed. The civil suits were filed for ownership of the Plot No. 583 of the area.

3. Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1961

Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1961
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Cases were filled in Indian courts against the forceful occupation of the Babri Mosque and the placing of idols within it.

4. Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1986 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1986 Judgement
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A district court judge ordered the mosque's gates to be opened and allowed Hindus to worship inside the disputed structure. The committee named Babri Mosque Action Committee was formed as Muslims protested against the move to allow the Hindus to pray at the site. The gates were opened in less than an hour after the court decision.

5. Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1989 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram Mandir 1989 Judgement
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The noise for building the Ram Mandir was growing. The Vishwa Hindu Parishad proclaimed that a Shila would be established for the construction of the temple near the area. The Vishwa Hindu Parishad laid foundations on land near the "disputed structure". There were conflicts throughout the country.

6. Ayodhya Ram mandir 1990 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 1990 Judgement
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A Ram Rath Yath was conducted by the then BHP president, Lal Krishna Advani. Many Kar Sevaks lost their lives in the open firing conducted by UP Police.

7. Ayodhya Ram mandir 1992 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 1992 Judgement
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This was a big year for the legal dispute as things became more complex and influential to the citizens. The Kar seva was continued, and on 6th December 2023, the Babri Masjid was demolished by more than 2,00,000 Karsevaks. This led to massive communal riots not just in India but throughout the subcontinent. 

8. Ayodhya Ram mandir 2010 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 2010 Judgement
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The Allahabad Court gave its verdict on the cases regarding the Ayodhya dispute. The court ordered the disputed land to be divided into three parts: ⅓ goes to Ram Lalla represented by Hindu Maha Sabha, ⅓ to Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board, ⅓ goes to Nirmohi Akhara. 

Neither party was satisfied with the verdict, so they moved to the Supreme Court of India to seek justice and challenged the verdict of the Allahabad High Court.

9. Ayodhya Ram mandir 2011 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 2011 Judgement
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Supreme Court of India upheld the High Court order splitting the disputed site into three parts and said that the status quo will remain. 

 

10. Ayodhya Ram mandir 2019 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 2019 Judgement
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On 6th August, the 5-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi of the Supreme Court started the final hearing on the case.


On 9th November 2019, the Honourable Supreme Court gave its verdict and ordered the land to be handed over to a trust to build the Ram temple. The court also ordered the government to give 5 acres of land in Ayodhya to the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board for the purpose of building a mosque. This was a massive moment in the entire legal conflict as it ended the centuries-long conflict in a composed and peaceful manner. Ensuring that no communal violence is spread in the country. 
 

11. Ayodhya Ram mandir 2020 Judgement

Ayodhya Ram mandir 2020 Judgement
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The Government of India made an announcement for a trust to build the Ram Mandir. The Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Teerth Kshetra was formed. 


The Ram Mandir land Dispute is a huge chapter in India's history and an example of how a legal land dispute can shake the whole country and become a talking point at every corner. The best part is that the case saw its ending in a legal and professional manner. After all such remarkable struggles, the Ram Mandir will finally be consecrated on 22nd January 2024.

Although the Ram Mandir is the key attraction of Ram Mandir of Ayodhya, we cannot forget other scintillating places to visit in Ayodhya. Legal Proceedings can sometimes be unbelievably long, which is a feature of law as the court believes in hearing all the aspects of the case before making a decision. 
 

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