Murshidabad is a town in Murshidabad area of West Bengal state in India. The city of Murshidabad is situated on the eastern bank of the Bhagirathi, a distributary of the Ganges River. Murshidabad was a town and locale of British India, in the Bengal Presidency. In the Mughal time frame it was the capital of Bengal. The town of Murshidabad is on the left bank of the Hooghly River or principle channel of the Ganges. In 1704, Murshid Quli Khan, the Diwan of Bengal under Aurangzeb exchanged the capital from Dacca, and renamed the city Murshidabad after his own name.
In 1716, he achieved the title of Nawab of the Subah of Bengal, and Murshidabad turned into his capital. The group of Jagat Seth kept up their situation as state brokers at Murshidabad from age to age. Indeed, even after the success of Bengal by the British, Murshidabad stayed for quite a while the seat of organization. Warren Hastings expelled the preeminent common and criminal courts to Calcutta in 1772, however in 1775 the last courts were taken back to Murshidabad once more.
In 1790, under Lord Cornwallis, the whole income and legal staffs were moved to Calcutta. The town was as yet the habitation of the nawab, who positioned as the primary aristocrat of the area with the style of Nawab Bahadur of Murshidabad, rather than Nawab Nazim of Bengal. The Hazarduari Palace, going back to 1837, is a radiant building. The city still bears recollections of Nawabs with different royal residences, mosques, tombs, and gardens, and holds such ventures as cutting in ivory, gold and silver weaving, and silk-weaving.