Ibadan is the capital and it is also most populous city of Oyo State. It is the third most populous city in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano; it is the country's largest city by geographical area. At the season of Nigeria's freedom in 1960, Ibadan was the biggest and most crowded city in the nation, and the second most crowded in Africa after Cairo. Ibadan is situated in south-western Nigeria, 128 km inland upper east of Lagos and 530 km southwest of Abuja, the government capital, and is a conspicuous travel point between the beach front district and the regions in the hinterland of the nation.
Ibadan had been the focal point of organization of the old Western Region since the times of the British pilgrim run, and parts of the city's old defensive dividers still remain right up 'til the present time. The foremost tenants of the city are the Yorubas, and additionally different networks from different parts of the nation. Ibadan appeared in 1829, amid a time of disturbance that portrayed Yorubaland at the time. It was in this period that numerous old Yoruba urban communities, for example, old Oyo ile, Ijaye and Owu vanished, and more up to date ones, for example, Abeokuta, new Oyo atiba and Ibadan jumped up to supplant them.