Oyo lies 32 miles 51 km north of Ibadan. In the 1830s it was proclaimed the new seat of the alaafin alafin of Oyo the political pioneer of the Yoruba individuals by Alaafin Atiba, after Old Oyo likewise called Katunga, the capital of the Oyo realm, was totally annihilated by Fulani winners. New Oyo was lined up with Ibadan in the Yoruba common wars of the mid-nineteenth century. Following an attack by Dahomeyan powers in 1887, the alaafin of Oyo joined with Lagos against the French and, in the settlement of 1888, put all of Yorubaland under British protection.
The economy of current Oyo is construct predominantly with respect to farming and crafted works. Items incorporate tobacco for the cigarette industrial facility at Ibadan, teak, and cotton. The town is a customary focal point of cotton turning, weaving, and coloring with privately developed indigo. It is likewise popular for cut calabashes gourds, leatherwork particularly pads in goatskin and sheepskin, wood cutting, and tangle making. Nearby exchange is principally in yams, corn maize, sorghum, cassava manioc, poultry, okra, and beans.