Lucca is a city and comune in Tuscany, Central Italy, on the Serchio, in a fertile plain near the Tyrrhenian Sea. It is the capital of the Province of Lucca. It is well known for its flawless Renaissance-time city dividers. Lucca was established by the Etruscans there are hints of a prior Ligurian settlement in the third century BC called Luk meaning swamp in which the name Lucca began and turned into a Roman province in 180 BC. The rectangular matrix of its verifiable focus saves the Roman road design, and the Piazza San Michele possesses the site of the old discussion. Hints of the amphitheater still might be found in the Piazza dell'Anfiteatro.
Frediano, an Irish priest, was religious administrator of Lucca in the mid 6th century. At one point, Lucca was pillaged by Odoacer, the main Germanic King of Italy. Lucca was an essential city and fortification even in the 6th century, when Narses attacked it for a while in 553. Under the Lombards, it was the seat of a duke who stamped his own particular coins. The Holy Face of Lucca or Volto Santo, a noteworthy relic probably cut by Nicodemus, touched base in 742. Amid the eighth-tenth hundreds of years Lucca was a focal point of Jewish life, the network being driven by the Kalonymos family.