Firenze is the capital city of the Italian location of Tuscany. It is the maximum populous metropolis in Tuscany, with 383,084 inhabitants in 2013, and over 1,520,000 in its metropolitan region. Florence changed into a centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the wealthiest towns of that generation. It is taken into consideration the birthplace of the Renaissance, and has been known as the Athens of the center Ages.
Its turbulent political records includes durations of rule by means of the effective Medici family and numerous non secular and republican revolutions. From 1865 to 1871 the town served because the capital of the Kingdom of Italy. The Florentine dialect forms the bottom of Standard Italian and it have become the language of way of life at some stage in Italy because of the prestige of the masterpieces by Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolo Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini.