The Indian Institute of Advanced Study is a research institute primarily based in Shimla, India. It changed into installation with the aid of the Ministry of Education, Government of India in 1964 and it started out performing from 20 October 1965. The building that houses the institute changed into in the beginning constructed as a home for Lord Dufferin, Viceroy of India from 1884–1888 and turned into referred to as the Viceregal Lodge. It housed all the subsequent viceroys and governors fashionable of India. It occupied Observatory Hill, one of the seven hills that Shimla is built upon.
The constructing became designed by way of Henry Irwin, an architect in the Public Works Department. The Viceregal Lodge had electricity as early as 1888, a lot earlier than the rest of the city of Shimla. The constructing additionally changed into prepared with a sophisticated firefighting mechanism via wax-tipped water ducts. Many historic decisions were taken inside the constructing all through the Indian independence motion. The Simla Conference become held here in 1945. The decision to carve out Pakistan and East Pakistan from India changed into additionally taken right here in 1947.