Berchtesgaden is a municipality in the Bavarian Alps of southeastern Germany. It is positioned within the south district of Berchtesgadener Land in Bavaria, near the border with Austria, a few 30 km south of Salzburg and 70 km southeast of Munich. To the south of the city, Berchtesgaden National Park stretches along three parallel valleys. Berchtesgaden is often related to the Watzmann, at 2,713 m the 0.33-highest mountain in Germany after Zugspitze and Hochwanner, which is renowned within the rock climbing network for its Ostwand East Face, and a deep glacial lake by using the call of Konigssee.
Another notable height is the Kehlstein mountain 1,835 m 6,020 feet, with its Kehlsteinhaus Eagle's Nest First ever historical observe dates lower back to 1102 and it mentions the location because of its wealthy salt deposits. Much of Berchtesgaden's wealth has been derived from its salt mines, the first of which commenced operations in 1517. The city served as impartial Furstpropstei until the Reichsdeputation shauptschluss in 1803. During the Napoleonic wars, Berchtesgaden modified fingers a few instances, including in 1805 under the Treaty of Pressburg, while the place became ceded to Austria. Salzburg turned into constantly interested by Berchtesgadencitation needed, and French troops occupied the location a quick time.