Nicosia is the largest city on the island of Cyprus. It is located near the centre of the Mesaoria plain, on the banks of the River Pedieos. Nicosia is the capital and seat of administration of Cyprus, and all things considered is the most distant southeast of all EU part states' capitals. It has been consistently possessed for more than 4,500 years and has been the capital of Cyprus since the tenth century. The Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot people group of Nicosia isolated into the south and north of the city separately in 1963, after the emergency from 1955– 64 that broke out in the city.
This division turned into a mobilized fringe between the Republic of Cyprus and Northern Cyprus after Turkey attacked the island of Cyprus in 1974, involving the north of the island, including northern Nicosia. Today North Nicosia is the capital of Northern Cyprus, a state perceived just by Turkey, that is thought to be a possessed Cypriot area by the universal network. Aside from its authoritative and regulatory capacities, Nicosia has built up itself as the island's budgetary capital and its fundamental universal business focus. In 2018, Nicosia was the 32nd most extravagant city on the planet in relative buying power.