Samchi District is one of the 20 dzongkhags locale including Bhutan. Verifiably, Samchi was meagerly populated as the mountain-staying Bhutanese considered the low-lying locale to be inclined to tropical illness. Amid the mid twentieth century the region encountered a huge inundation of Nepali individuals who were welcome to the region to aid woods clearing. By and large the area populace has as of late been expanding and there have been lodging deficiencies in Samchi as detailed by Kuensel.
Samchi is additionally home to the Lhop Doya individuals, a little-considered ethnic gathering of roughly 2,500 people. The Bhutanese trust them to be the aboriginals who originated before the Tibetan movement from the north. The Lhop are noted for their animistic religious convictions, their routine with regards to wedding cross-cousins, and their one of a kind entombment traditions. Samchi is likewise outstanding generally to be the home of the Gurung Kazi Family who represented the area in the mid 1900s till the 1960s.