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Japan, often referred to as the 'Land of the Rising Sun', is probably the most developed country in entire Asia. Japan is a name that is used only by the outside world. People of Japan address their country by the name Nippon. It is this name that is used for most official works. Most of Japan's terrain is mountainous and is dotted with numerous dormant and active volcanoes.
Situated on eastern most point of the continent, Japan is more or less an archipelago nation which comprises of more than 3000 islands. However the most important are only four in number namely Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Honshu is the largest island of them all. Most of Japan's terrain is mountainous and is dotted with numerous dormant and active volcanoes. Situated on the so called 'Pacific Ring of Fire', Japan is among the most tectonically active regions in the world. The highest peak of Japan, Mt. Fuji, also is a volcano. It is estimated that only less than 20% of the land of Japan is habitable. But this provides an opportunity for extreme adventure sports and brilliant sightseeing destinations. In an archipelago, one can expect a long and beautiful coastline, and Japan does not disappoint. There are really wonderful beaches strewn all around Japan where ample water sport facilities are provided. Traveling in Japan does not just pertain to natural sightings, adventure sports or relaxation only. It is a learning curve which takes you to meeting extraordinary people, experiencing different cultures, knowing distinctive lifestyles and tasting delectable cuisine. Japan is famous for its rich artistic heritage which has always been a part of Japanese culture. The age old festivals, temples, dances, dramas, are all a reflection of an immortal traditions, carried forward with pride and care. Tokyo, the capital city of Japan, is not only an important city for Japan, it is one amongst the most important cities of the world. With a population of 30 million, Tokyo city is the largest metropolitan area in the world. At one hand Tokyo is looked up by others for its development, creativeness, a sense of future and visible cultural treasures, and on the other it is infamous for its pollution and reckless industrialization. Tokyo, for a long time now, has been the most polluted city in the world. Other cities of Japan that are a must visit are Yokohama, Kyoto, Osaka, Hiroshima and Nagoya.