It is a city in central Scotland, located on the banks of the River Tay. It is the administrative centre of Perth and Kinross council area and the historic county of Perth shire. Perth, including its immediate suburbs, has a population of 50,000, according to the preliminary 2011 census results. Perth has been known as The Fair City since the publication of the story Fair Maid of Perth by Scottish writer Sir Walter Scott in 1828.
There has been a settlement at Perth in ancient circumstances, on a characteristic hill raised marginally over the surge plain of the Tay, where the waterway could be crossed at low tide.
Amid the later medieval period the city was additionally called Saint Johnstoun or St John's Toun by its tenants in reference to the principle church devoted to St John the Baptist.