The Arboretum Oleksandriya is an arboretum located within the metropolis of Bila Tserkva of the Kiev Oblast of Ukraine. It holds the nation arboretum of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. It is a monument of landscape artwork, founded within the overdue 18th century. It is considered one of the biggest parks in Eastern Europe, second largest in Ukraine. The park combines vegetation, architectural structures, sculptures, the water floor of the Ros River and ponds. In 1774, the Polish King Augustus Stanislaw Poniatowski acquired the wealthiest in Ukraine Belotserkovsky.
On December 13, 1774, the Crown Prince Hetman of Poland Franciszek Ksawery Branicki received land from the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Ksawery Branicki received these lands as a reward for the suppression of Cretaceous-Cossack uprisings at Koliivshchyna. His new possessions covered the cities of Bila Tserkva and Skvyra, together with 134 villages with a population of over 4000 human beings. Since then, the Bila Tserkva has grow to be the private assets of the Branicki Counts.