The largest national park in South Africa, Kruger National parks is arguably the most important as well. Nestling in the eastern side of South Africa, the park covers an area of 18,989 sq km with a length of 350 km and a breadth of 60 km. The park is an integral part of Canyon Biosphere which is d as an International Man and Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO. On the basis of flora, Kruger National Park is divided into six ecosystems which have in all 1,982 species of plants. The number of animal species at 147 exceeds any other African game reserve by a long margin. The overall number of animals is even greater than what the park can sustain and this has led the environmentalist to employ different methods to control population. The park is also a wonder land for birdwatchers as there are more than 517 species of birds spotted here regularly; out of which 253 are residents and 117 migrants. There are 21 rest camps and 11 private safari lodges inside the park itself.