Banha additionally spelled Benha, is the capital of the Qalyubia Governorate in north eastern Egypt. Located among the capital of Cairo and Alexandria, Benha is a vital shipping hub in the Nile Delta, as rail strains from Cairo to numerous towns in the Nile Delta skip through Benha. It is placed 48 km north of Cairo. Located at the east bank of the Damietta Branch of the Nile River within the rich farmland of the southern part of the river's delta. Well irrigated by way of canals main off the Delta Barrage, a dam 30 km upstream, the surrounding farmland produces wheat and lengthy staple cotton.
Since ancient instances, Benha has been recognized for the manufacturing of attar of roses, an ingredient in perfume. Today it is the middle of Egypt's electronics industry. Benha is a prime junction within the rail network that radiates north from Cairo and it has the 6th largest educate station in Egypt. The north of Benha is the site of one in every of numerous historical towns known as Athribis, the capital of the 10th nome of Lower Egypt in about 1500 BC.