In the first place established in A.D. 969, Cairo is viewed as an exceptionally youthful capital by Egyptian norms. Prior to the establishing of Cairo, the antiquated city of Memphis ruled.
Neighboring Saqqara along the Nile River, the remnants of Memphis which was established in 2925 B.C. by semi legendary ruler Menes was the primary supreme city on earth. All that remaining parts of its previous magnificence are the scattered vestiges of stone sanctuaries, waiting statues and mud-block necropolises.
A portion of the features here incorporate a vast limestone statue of Ramses II and a monster alabaster sphinx, both of which once monitored the passage to the Temple of Ptah, Memphis' benefactor divinity.