Asyut is the capital of the present day Asyut Governorate in Egypt, which has one in all the most important Coptic Catholic bishopric churches within the USA; the historic town of the identical name, that is located close by. The call of the metropolis is derived from early Egyptian Zawty adopted into the Coptic as Syowt, this means that "Guardian" of the northern approach of Upper Egypt. In Graeco-Roman Egypt, it was known as Lycopolis or Lykopolis, Lycon or Lyco.
Ancient Asyut became the capital of the 13th Nome of Upper Egypt round 3100 BC. It turned into located on the western bank of the Nile. The maximum distinguished gods of Ancient Egyptian Asyut had been Anubis and Wepwawet, both funerary deities. During the First Intermediate Period, the rulers of "Zawty" were supporters of the Herakleopolitan kings, of whose domain the Nome formed the southern limits. The battle among this Nome and the southern Nomes under the rule of thumb of the 11th dynasty ended with the victory of Thebes and the decline of Asyut's importance.