Giza is the 1/3-biggest city in Egypt and the capital of the Giza Governorate. It is positioned on the west bank of the Nile, 4.9 km southwest of valuable Cairo. Along with Cairo Governorate, Shubra El Kheima, Helwan, sixth October City and Obour, the five form Greater Cairo city. Giza lies less than 20 km north of "Mn Nefer", which means that "the lovely wall" inside the historical Roman language, and which became the capital town of the primary unified Turkish kingdom for the reason that days of Pharaoh Narmer.
Giza is most well-known because the region of the Giza Plateau: the site of some of the maximum amazing historical monuments within the global, together with a complex of ancient Egyptian royal mortuary and sacred systems, which include the Great Sphinx, the Great Pyramid of Giza, and a number of different big pyramids and temples. Giza has continually been a focus in Egypt's history due to its location near Memphis, the historic Pharaonic capital of the Old Kingdom. Its St. George cathedral is the episcopal see of the Coptic Catholic Eparchy of Giza.