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Famous Lakes In India

Famous Lakes In India



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Here is a list for you - Famous Lakes In India

1. Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir


-One of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia and the largest in India, is located in Jammu and Kashmir.
-Located in Bandipora district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.
-Max. length - 16 km
-Max. width - 9.6 km
-Surface area - 12 to 100 sq mi (30 to 260 km sq)
-Max. depth - 14 metres
-Surface elevation - 1,580 m
-Activities - Boating, water sports and water ski.

 

2. Dal Lake

-Located in Srinagar.
-Known as "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel".
-Max. length - 7.44 km (4.62 mi)
-Max. width - 3.5 km (2.2 mi)
-Surface area - 18-22 square kilometres
-Average depth - 1.42 metres (4.7 ft)
-Max. depth - 6 m (20 ft)
-Activities - Swimming, boating, snow skiing (particularly when the lake is frozen during the severe winter), and canoeing.

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3. Chilka Lake

-Spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha state on the east coast of India.
-Area - 1,100 km sq
-Largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.
-Largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.
-The lake is an ecosystem with large fishery resources. It sustains more than 150,000 fisher folk living in 132 villages on the shore and islands.
-The lagoon hosts over 160 species of birds in the peak migratory season. Birds from as far as the Caspian Sea, Lake Baikal, Aral Sea and other remote parts of Russia, Kirghiz steppes of Mongolia, Central and southeast Asia, Ladakh and Himalayas come here. These birds travel great distances; migratory birds probably follow much longer routes than the straight lines, possibly up to 12,000 km, to reach Chilika Lake.

4. Pangong Lake

-It is an endorheic lake in the Himalayas situated at a height of about 4,350 m (14,270 ft).
-It is 134 km (83 mi) long and extends from India to Tibet.
-Approximately 60% of the length of the lake lies in Tibet.
-The lake is 5 km (3.1 mi) wide at its broadest point.
-During winter the lake freezes completely, despite being saline water.

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5. Lake Pichola

-Situated in Udaipur.
-An artificial fresh water lake, created in the year 1362 AD, named after the nearby Picholi village.
-There are four islands on the lake:
Jag Niwas, Jag Mandir, Mohan Mandir, Arsi Vilas.
-Max. length - 4 km (2.5 mi)
-Max. width - 3 km (1.9 mi)
-Max. depth - 8.5 m (28 ft)
 

6. Sambhar Salt Lake


-India's largest inland salt lake.
-A bowl shape lake encircles historical Sambhar Lake Town located 96 km south west of the city of Jaipur (Northwest India) and 64 km north east of Ajmer along National Highway 8 in Rajasthan.
-Length - 35.5 km
-Mean depth - 60 cm
-The Salt Lake was owned by various rulers of Jaipur and Jodhpur before it was leased to the British.
-Situated 65 kilometers from Jaipur, the lake is also a major hub for the production of salt.
-Bird lovers are also in for a treat here as Sambhar is the best place/town/sanctuary for bird watching.
-The main wildlife found at the Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary includes flamingos, storks, sandpipers and redshanks.

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7. Loktak Lake

-Located near Moirang in Manipur state, India.
-Largest freshwater (sweet) lake in North -East India.
-Famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) floating over it.
-Keibul Lamjao the only floating national park in the world floats over it.
-Max. length - 35 km (22 mi)
-Max. width - 13 km (8 mi)
-Max. depth - 4.6 m (15.1 ft)

8. Vembanad

-Also called Vembanad Kayal or Vembanad Kol.
-Longest lake in India, and the largest lake in the state of Kerala.
-One of the largest lakes in India.
-A lake spanning several districts in the state of Kerala, it is known by different names in different localities viz. Punnamada Lake in Kuttanad, Kochi Lake in Kochi.
-Max. length - 96.5 km
-Max. width - 14 km
-Max. depth - 12 m

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9. Bhimtal Lake

-Located 22 km from Nainital, and at an altitude of 1370 meters.
-There is an island at the centre of the lake.
-It is a perennial lake which not only supports a large variety of aquatic life but is a winter stopover for Trans Himalayan birds.
-The Lake is named after the second pandava called Bhima of the famous epic Mahabharata.

10. Chandratal Lake

-Chandra Taal (meaning the Lake of the Moon), or Chandra Tal, is situated at an altitude of about 4,300 metres (14,100 ft) in the Himalayas.
-The name of the lake originates from its crescent shape.
-Situated in the Spiti part of the Lahul and Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh.
-Vast meadows on the banks of the lake are the camping sites.
-During springtime, these meadows are carpeted with hundreds of kinds of wildflowers.
-Max. length - 1 Km
-Max. width - 0.5 Km

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11. Nainital Lake

-A natural freshwater body, situated amidst the township of Nainital in Uttarakhand State of India.
-Tectonic in origin, is kidney shaped or crescent shaped and has an outfall at the southeastern end.
-One of the four Lakes of Kumaon hills; the other three lakes are the Sattal Lake, the Bhimtal Lake and the Naukuchiyatal Lake.
-Max. length - 1,432 m (4,698 ft)
-Max. width - 42 m (138 ft)
-Max. depth - 27.3 m (90 ft)

12. Pushkar Lake

-Also called Pushkar Sarovar.
-Located in the town of Pushkar in Ajmer district of the Rajasthan.
-Pushkar Lake is a sacred lake of the Hindus. The Hindu scriptures describe as it as "Tirtha-Raj" - the king of pilgrimage sites related to a water-body and relate it to the mythology of the creator-god Brahma, whose most prominent temple stands in Pushkar.
-Pushkar Lake is surrounded by 52 bathing ghats (a series of steps leading to the lake), where pilgrims throng in large numbers to take a sacred bath, especially around Kartik Poornima (October-November) when the Pushkar Fair is held.
-A dip in the sacred lake is believed to cleanse sins and cure skin diseases.
-Over 500 Hindu temples are situated around the lake precincts.

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