Catalonia is an self sustaining community in Spain on the northeastern corner of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality via its Statute of Autonomy Catalonia consists of four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital and largest city is Barcelona, the second one-maximum populated municipality in Spain and the center of the sixth most populous urban vicinity inside the European Union. It contains maximum of the territory of the former Principality of Catalonia. It is bordered by using France and Andorra to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east, and the Spanish self sufficient communities of Aragon to the west and Valencia to the south.
The professional languages are Catalan, Spanish, and the Aranese dialect of Occitan. In the past due 8th century, the counties of the March of Gothia and the Hispanic March were mounted by the Frankish state as feudal vassals throughout and close to the japanese Pyrenees as a protective barrier towards Muslim invasions. The jap counties of those marches were united below the guideline of the Frankish vassal, the remember of Barcelona, and had been later referred to as Catalonia.