San Lorenzo de El Escorial, additionally referred to as El Escorial de Arriba is a city and municipality inside the Community of Madrid, Spain, positioned to the northwest of the area in the southeastern aspect of the Sierra de Guadarrama, on the foot of Mount Abantos and Las Machotas 47 kilometres from Madrid. It is head of the identical name judicial birthday celebration. The settlement is popularly known as El Escorial de Arriba, to differentiate it from the neighbouring village of El Escorial, also known as El Escorial de Abajo.
The Monastery of El Escorial is the maximum distinguished constructing inside the city and is one of the principal Spanish Renaissance monuments. Especially terrific is the Royal Library, inside the Monastery. The monastery and its historical surroundings were d a World Heritage Site UNESCO on November 2, 1984, underneath the call of "El Escorial, monastery and placement. The web site additionally enjoys safety on Spain's background sign in; because June 21, 2006, it has been protected by way of the Community of Madrid as a Property of Cultural Interest.
San Lorenzo de El Escorial is located at the southern slopes of the Mount Abantos elevation 1753 m. The common altitude of the municipality is 1,032 metres 3,386 feet, and maximum of the urban area is above 1,000 metres 3,300 toes. The hamlet to begin with sprang up around Monastery of El Escorial, gradually extending up the mountain. In the 20th and 21st centuries, the town underwent a robust urban enlargement, in particular in the direction of the southeastern side of Mount Abantos.