Umm Bab is a settlement in Qatar, positioned within the municipality of Al-Shahaniya. It was part of the Al Rayyan municipality and before that changed into administered by way of Al Jemailiya municipality earlier than the latter became included into Al Rayyan. Umm Bab is widely recognized regionally for Al Khraij Beach, which is also called 'Palm Tree Beach' because of a small cluster of palm bushes located off the shoreline. Aside from accommodating Qatar's first principal non-oil associated enterprise in the shape of a cement processing facility which commenced operation in 1969, there also exists minor oil and gas separation centers within the settlement.
In 1948, rapidly after the commencement of oil drilling operations in Dukhan, a housing village turned into built to the immediately south of Umm Bab to accommodate each Qatar Petroleum people and locals of Umm Bab. A street became built the equal yr to connect Umm Bab and Dukhan. In 1961, the authorities inaugurated a boys college inside the village. The housing village had about 50 families and a populace of approximately 1,000 with the aid of 1990, most of which belonged to individuals of the Al Murrah tribe who had been employed by way of Qatar Petroleum.