Al Shahaniya is a municipality in Qatar, with its municipal seat as a town of the identical name. Formerly in the municipality of Al Rayyan, but now an unbiased municipality, the municipal seat became delimited in 1988 via Law No. 22. In 2014, the cabinet ratified a draft amending a few provisions to the 1988 law, thereby formalizing Al Shahaniya as Qatar's eighth municipality. Al-Shahaniya derives its call from a plant regarded regionally as 'sheeh' which become valued for its anti-inflammatory outcomes. A version of this call is Al-Sheehaniya. The plant's Latin call is Artemisia inculta; it is an aromatic perennial that frequently grows in the Middle East and North Africa area but that's scarce in Qatar because of its fallacious soils.
In 2014, Al-Shahaniya break up off from Al Rayyan Municipality to shape its own municipality. Integrating about 35% of Al Rayyan's location into the new municipality, a number of Al Rayyan's western localities along with Al Gharbiam, Al Utouriya, Al Jemailiya, Umm Bab, Rawdat Rashed, Al Nasraniya, Dukhan and Al Khurayb have been additionally covered inside the new municipality. Mohammed Al-Sahooti was the first mayor of the municipality. As of 2017, Mohammed Saif Al Hajri became mayor.