Ixtapaluca is one of the 125 municipalities of the State of Mexico, positioned inside the middle-south part of the basin of Mexico. Physiographical, it is located on the neovolcanic axis, inside the eastern a part of the state. It is positioned 7.5 kilometers from Mexico City, capital of the Mexican Republic, and 110 kilometers from Toluca de Lerdo, capital of the State of Mexico, and has a place of 318.27 square kilometers, which represents 1.46 percentage of the state territory.
In it are located the country wide highways of Mexico Puebla and Mexico Cuautla that branch exactly inside its territory. Its territorial limits with other municipalities and states are: to the north, with the municipalities of Texcoco and Chicoloapan; to the northwest, with La Paz; to the east, with Valle de Chalco Solidaridad; to the south, with Chalco; to the southeast, with the municipality of Tlalmanalco, and to the east, with the country of Puebla. It has a population of 495,563 populations, in step with the information of the INEGI intercensal survey of 2015.