Barren Island is the only active volcano in India and along the chain from Sumatra to Myanmar. It is located about 138 Km towards the north-east of Port-Blaire in the Andaman sea. This island comes under the custody of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and is well known as a Submarine emergent Volcano lying above the subduction zone of India and Burmese plate.
This unique island is around1.8 million years old having a massive foundation at a depth of 2,250 meters below the surface. Its name is quite justified as it is a barren area uninhabited by humans, though it has a small population of goats.
Visiting Barren Island is not that easy as it is a restricted zone and hence requires a special permit to be taken. No one is allowed to land on the Island and can not have a night stay at all because this place is considered to be too risky in terms of natural disasters. One can still plan an early morning visit to this magical destination; it takes around 4 to 5 hours to reach. There are ious ships available to facilitate the tourist and take them to this Island. They will not drop the tourists on the Island; however, they will take 3-4 rounds of this Island to give you a complete feel for the same.
Manta Rays, basalt formations, the topography of past lava flows and coral gardens will be an add-on advantages to balance your trip expenditure. Though it is a remote destination but can be easily accessed by ships or many scuba-operators based at Havelock Island. One can also take a live experience of fishing as well as scuba diving that will take approximately a complete day of your vacations.
Private charter needs to be hired to visit this Barren Island. On the way to Barren Island, tourists can also have fun with ious sports activities like fishing etc. In addition, snorkeling and scuba diving are also available to make your trip a little more adventurous. All these activities are done under the trained guides and with the necessary permits. After all the safety of every tourist is the prime responsibility of respective Government.
This Island is 3 kilometers wide along with a two-kilometer-wide caldera. It is the only live volcano that rises about 2,250 meters from the sea level with 354 meters above the water level. It is the summit of a volcano that rises from a depth. The eruption of the volcano on this Island has reduced the number of bird species and their population.
Though volcano eruption is a normal phenomenon in this place, all the safety measures are being strictly taken care of by the Government in order to ensure complete safety of the tourists. The last volcano eruption that took place on this Island was on January 23, 2017. It erupted for very small episodes of about 5-10 minutes. It resulted in clouds with ashes and red lava fountains.
However, there is nothing to be worried about all this as these eruptions lie at the lowest level of the Volcanic Explosively Index. This index is being used to ranks the volcanoes on the scale of 1-8 on the basis of the quantity of volcanic material spewed and its strength. The last eruption that looks place on this Island was scaled as 2 on the index which is much in the safe limits.