Bihar Sharif is the headquarters of Nalanda district and the fifth-largest sub-metropolitan area in the eastern Indian state of Bihar. Its name is a blend of two words: Bihar, got from vihara which means Buddhist religious community, additionally the name of the state; and Sharif, alluding to the resting spot of the Sufi holy person Makhdoom Sharfuddin Ahmed Yahya Maneri. The city is a center of training and exchange south Bihar, and the economy revolves around horticulture supplemented by tourism, the instruction area and family unit fabricating.
Under the Pala Empire, Odantapuri, a noteworthy Buddhist devout college was worked at the site of Bihar Sharif. It in the long run turned into the capital of Magadha, and after that piece of the Muslim Delhi Sultanate in the late twelfth century, however neighborhood Rajputs soon restored compelling control. In the mid fourteenth century, it was for all time caught by the Delhi Sultanate. Bihar Sharif was later governed by other Muslim traditions and after that the British until Indian autonomy in 1947. The city has essential Jain, Buddhist, Hindu and Muslim legacy and points of interest. Bihar Sharif is one of the hundred Indian urban communities contending to pick up stores under Prime Minister Narendra Modi's leader Smart Cities Mission.