Bern or Berne is the de facto capital of Switzerland, referred to by the Swiss as their Bundesstadt, or "federal metropolis". With a population of 142,656, Bern is the fifth-most populous metropolis in Switzerland. The Bern agglomeration, which includes 36 municipalities, had a population of 406,900 in 2014. The metropolitan region had a populace of 660,000 in 2000. Bern is also the capital of the canton of Bern, the second one-most populous of Switzerland's cantons. The reliable language in Bern is German, however the maximum-spoken language is an Alemannic Swiss German dialect, Bernese German.
In 1983, the historic old metropolis inside the centre of Bern have become a UNESCO World Heritage Site. No archaeological evidence that shows a agreement on the web page of today′s town centre previous to the twelfth century has been located so far. In antiquity, a Celtic oppidum stood at the Engehalbinsel north of Bern, fortified since the second century BC, idea to be one of the 12 oppida of the Helvetii cited by way of Caesar. During the Roman era, a Gallo-Roman vicus changed into at the equal web site. The Bern zinc tablet has the call Brenodor. In the Early Middle Ages, a settlement in Bumpliz, now a metropolis district of Bern, become some four km from the medieval metropolis.