Peshawar is the capital of the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Arranged in the wide Valley of Peshawar close to the eastern end of the noteworthy Khyber Pass, near the outskirt with Afghanistan, Peshawar's written history goes back to no less than 539 BCE, making it the most seasoned city in Pakistan and one of the most seasoned urban communities on the planet. Peshawar was the capital of the old Kushan Empire, and was home to what may have been the tallest working in the antiquated world, the Kanishka stupa.
The city was a critical exchanging focus amid the Mughal time before filling in as the winter capital of the Afghan Durrani Empire from 1757 until the point that the city was caught by the Sikhs in 1818, who were then trailed by the British in 1849. The Arab student of history and geographer Al-Masudi noticed that by the mid tenth century, the city had turned out to be known as Parashawar. After the Ghaznavid attack, the name was again noted to be Parashawar by Al-Biruni. The city started to be known as Peshawar by the period of Emperor Akbar, a name that is customarily said to have been given by Akbar himself.