Gilgit-Baltistan, formerly referred to as the Northern Areas, is the northernmost administrative territory in Pakistan. It borders Azad Kashmir to the south, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, the Xinjiang place of China, to the east and northeast, and the Indian-administered kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast.
Gilgit-Baltistan is part of the extra Kashmir region, that's the situation of an extended-walking conflict among Pakistan and India. The territory stocks a border with Azad Kashmir, collectively with which it's miles stated via the United Nations and different international enterprises as "Pakistan administered Kashmir". Gilgit-Baltistan is six instances the size of Azad Kashmir. The territory additionally borders Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir nation to the south and is separated from it by the Line of Control, the de facto border among India and Pakistan.
The territory of gift-day Gilgit-Baltistan became a separate administrative unit in 1970 under the name "Northern Areas". It changed into shaped via the amalgamation of the previous Gilgit Agency, the Baltistan district and numerous small former princely states, the larger of which being Hunza and Nagar. In 2009, it turned into granted confined autonomy and renamed to Gilgit-Baltistan through the Self-Governance Order signed by Pakistan president Asif Ali Zardari, which additionally aimed to empower the humans of Gilgit-Baltistan.