Gauteng is situated in the Highveld, Gauteng is the littlest territory in South Africa, representing just 1.5% of the land zone. By the by, it is exceedingly urbanized, containing the nation's biggest city, Johannesburg, its authoritative capital, Pretoria, and other huge zones, for example, Midrand and Vanderbijlpark. Starting at 2018, Gauteng is the most crowded area in South Africa with a population of roughly 14,700,000 individuals as per gauges. There was a flourishing gold industry in the area following the 1886 revelation of gold in Johannesburg. In Sesotho, the name Gauteng was utilized for Johannesburg and encompassing zones well before it was received in 1994 as the official name of a region.
Gauteng was framed from part of the old Transvaal Province after South Africa's first multiracial races on 27 April 1994. It was at first named Pretoria– Witwatersrand– Vereeniging PWV and was renamed "Gauteng" in December 1994. The expression "PWV", depicting the locale existed some time before the foundation of the region. Numerous pivotal occasions occurred in present-day Gauteng concerning the counter politically-sanctioned racial segregation battle, for example, the Sharpeville slaughter of 1960, the Rivonia Trial in 1963 and 1964 and the Soweto Uprising of 1976. Today, the Apartheid Museum stands demonstration of these battles in Johannesburg.