Due to such varied landscape, the climate too differs drastically. This in turn brings about a huge diversity in the flora and fauna of Ecuador. The country is listed among the 18 mega diverse countries of the world. It is one of the only two countries in the continent that does not share a border with Brazil. The other country is Chile.Covering an area of just 256,370 km2, Ecuador is one of the smallest countries in South America. Situated on the northwestern side of South American continent, Ecuador shares a border with Columbia in North, Pacific Ocean in west and Peru in south and east. Ecuador might be a small country, but the natural splendors that are stuffed into such small area is simply astounding. Ecuador is clearly demarcated into three geographic regions; one is coast, other is Amazon rainforest, and the third is mountainous region which includes Andes ranges.
The Galapagos Islands, just off the coast of Ecuador are also recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Complimentary with varied landscapes, come numerous options for the adventure lover. Mountain trekking, rafting, and diving off the Galapagos coast is among the best in South America.
When it comes to culture and heritage as well, Ecuador is second to none. The indigenous tribes follow there culture and traditions, flaunting them in every way possible. The many markets are the best place to explore their unique and colorful culture.
Quito is the capital city of Ecuador and one of the most beautiful cities. For its heritage preservation and cultural vibrancy, Quito has been recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The main attractions to be seen in Quito are Museo del Banco Central, Conjunto monumental San Francisco and Museo Mindalae. The largest city of Ecuador is Guayaquil. Other important cities of Ecuador are Cuenca and Banos.