The city was established in 1901 and named for the French writer Victor Hugo. Hugo is a city and region seat of Choctaw County, Oklahoma, United States. It is situated in southeastern Oklahoma around 9 miles 14 km north of the Texas state line. As of the 2010 enumeration, the city populace was 5,310. The city fills in as winter quarters for some carnival entertainers. It is nearby one of the most established schools west of the Mississippi: Goodland Academy, started in 1848.
The town is situated in a social region of the state known as meager Dixie, as it was settled by Native American clans, African Americans and European Americans from the southeastern United States. It is close to the vacationer region of Kiamichi Country.