Situated specifically north of Boston, over the Charles River, it was named out of appreciation for the University of Cambridge in England, a vital focal point of the Puritan religious philosophy grasped by the town's founders.Cambridge is a city in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, and part of the Boston metropolitan area. Hard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIT, two of the world's most renowned colleges, are in Cambridge. as was Radcliffe College, one of the main schools for ladies in the United States until the point that it converged with Hard on October 1, 1999.
Cambridge was one of the two seats of Middlesex County until the abrogation of regional government in 1997; Lowell was the other.According to the 2010 Census, the city's populace was 105,162. Starting in July 2014, it was the fifth most crowded city in the state, behind Boston, Worcester, Springfield and Lowell. Kendall Square in Cambridge has been called "the most inventive square mile on the planet", in reference to the high grouping of entrepreneurial new businesses and nature of advancement that have developed there since 2010.