Khartoum feels fortunate in itself to be called as not only the capital city of Sudan but is also recognized as the leading financial and political center of the country. The city is positioned on the western bank of Nile River, forming a large-sized triangle on the convergence of two Niles with its buttes neighboring Gezira State more or less 30 km on south-eastward. The credit of its formation goes to Mehmet Ali for strengthening it with gigantic fortresses and bulwarks.
In contemporary age, Khartoum emerges as a big cosmopolitan city underlining a wide variety of attractions from the past such as edifying museums, tourist services and free annual events. Additionally, Khartoum, in conjunction with the two other cities, Omdurman and Khartoum North forms what is famous as the Tripartite Capital. Very importantly, holidaymakers come here to undergo some of its breathtaking attractions such as Omdurman Handicrafts Market, Abd-el-Qayum Gate, the Camel Market, the church of St. Matthew, Sayeda El Bushara Church, he Nile's Islands, the War cemetery, the Republican Palace, Sayyid Ali's mosque, west Omdurman's desert and the Botanical Gardens.