The Dhofar Governorate is the biggest of the eleven Governorates inside the Sultanate of Oman in phrases of vicinity. It lies in Southern Oman, at the eastern border with Yemen's Al Mahrah Governorate. It is a as an alternative mountainous area that covers 99,300 km2 and has a populace of 249,729 as of the 2010 census. The biggest city, as well as capital of the Governorate, is Salalah. Historically, the area becomes the chief source of frankincense within the global. The local sort of Arabic is Dhofari Arabic, that's quite distinct from that of the relaxation of Oman and from Yemen.
At Aybut Al-Auwal in Wadi Aybut, a website was located in 2011 containing more than 100 floor scatters of stone equipment belonging to a locally particular lithic industry, the late Nubian Complex, known previously handiest from Northeast Africa. Two optically stimulated luminescence age estimates area the Arabian Nubian Complex at 106,000 years old. This gives evidence for a distinct Middle Stone Age technocomplex in southern Arabia around the earlier part of the Marine Isotope Stage 5. Bronze Age websites of the Dhofar Survey consist of tomb complexes located at Hodor.