Nairobi is the capital and the largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyrobi, which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River which flows through the city. The city appropriate had a populace of 3,138,369 in the 2009 enumeration, while the metropolitan territory has a populace of 6,547,547. The city is prevalently alluded to as the Green City in the Sun. Nairobi was established in 1899 by the frontier experts in British East Africa, as a rail stop on the Uganda Railway. The town rapidly developed to supplant Machakos as the capital of Kenya in 1907.
After autonomy in 1963, Nairobi turned into the capital of the Republic of Kenya. Amid Kenya's provincial period, the city turned into an inside for the state's espresso, tea and sisal industry. The city lies on the River Athi in the southern piece of the nation, and has a rise of 1,795 meters 5,889 ft above ocean level. Home to a large number of Kenyan organizations and more than 100 noteworthy global organizations and associations, including the United Nations Environment Program UN Environment and the United Nations Office at Nairobi UNON, Nairobi is a set up center point for business and culture.