Emerald is a substantial, present day nation town that was initially settled in 1879 as a base for the working of the western railroad.
The township itself isn't really named after a gemstone however after 'Emerald Downs' Hill, a rich emerald green slope situated on Emerald Downs, a property only north of town. Initially a little administration town supporting the nearby horticultural industry, Emerald is presently viewed as the 'center' of the Central Highlands.
In 1972, the Emerald people group respected the development of Fairbairn Dam and the Emerald Irrigation Scheme which took into consideration the noteworthy improvement and extension of farming practices inside the region.
The development of the Fairbairn Dam and its related Lake Maraboon likewise started the initiation of substantial scale coal mining inside the Bowen Basin in 1977; which at display creates a critical extent of Queensland's aggregate coal trades, molding the township of Emerald into what you see today.