Indiana is a U.S. state arranged in the midwestern and Great Lakes districts of North America. Its capital and greatest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the nineteenth U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan toward the northwest, Michigan toward the north, Ohio toward the east, Kentucky toward the south and southeast, and Illinois toward the west.
Since its building up as a space, settlement plans in Indiana have reflected neighborhood social division present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost level was settled basically by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by drifters from the Mid-Atlantic states and from close-by Ohio, and Southern Indiana by pioneers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.